What is the State of Nature report.? The State of Nature Report brings together data and expertise from over 50 organisations, producing an update on how wildlife is fairing across the UK and its Seas crown dependencies and overseas territories. Over 7,500,000 volunteer hours go into monitoring the UK's nature every year.
Volunteers monitored 9,670 species from birds to butterflies,plants to pond life,spiders and snails. Further afield monitoring across the UK's overseas territories too, from the chilly British Antarctic territory to the tropical British Indian Ocean Territory.
Using modern Red List Criteria which identify species of the highest conservation concern the report assessed 8,000 species,of these 15% are extinct or threatened with extinction from Great Britain. Of 218 Countries assessed in the Biodoversity Intactness Index,the UK ranked 189 which means nature in the UK is fairing worse than in most other countries.
Why is this happening ? A range of factors affect the state of nature in the UK,two of the most important are Agriculture and climate change. 75% of the UK's land is managed for food production,how we manage this land is key to the state of nature.A recent study has shown that 20% of all impact on species populations was down to 'intensive management of agriculture' land. However, working with farmers and wildlife friendly farming schemes can help reverse this.
Hope Farm in Cambridgeshire farmed using nature-friendly methods,and has bucked the trend since 2000.
The butterfly index increased 224% The farmland bird index increased by 174%
The national Trend index for butterflies in England declined by 2%. Farmland birds index for England declined 10%
These indexes monitor several key bird and butterfly species, over time to assess the overall trend.
In the UK climate change is extending suitable conditions for species previously restricted to the south enabling them to move further north,if suitable habitat exists. in contrast to those climate change winners,are the species that favour conditions further north and at high altitudes. These species may have nowhere to go.
Courtesy of Andrea Trepte CC BY-SA 2.5 generic license.
The State of Nature partnership manages over 4,000 reserves,covering at least 2,700 square miles or 6,800 square kilometers. From reintroducing Pine martens to Wales and turning cities wild across England to saving magnificent meadows in Northern Ireland and restoring coastal habitats in Scotland the State of Nature Partnership is actively working to bring nature back,
There are ways we can all help from taking part in species counts,volunteering, managing, and campaigning .Many organisations need help with volunteers for a variety of reasons such as
The Peoples Trust for Endangered species.
Marine Conservation Society
NBN-National Biodiversity Network.
Botanical Society of Britain and Ireland.
Bat Conservation Trust.
Amphibian and Reptile Conservation and
You can read a full report of the State of Nature 2016 by clicking on the Links banner in the contents at the top of this page. scroll down to the relevant box and click. This is a direct link to the article.
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State of Nature 2016 full report via Links banner.
Introducing BWARS bee,wasp and ant recording society.
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