Bristly oxtongue

Courtesy of Stemonitis   CC BY-SA 3.0 license.Picris echioides inflorescence.jpg

Bristly oxtongue

This is another species that has dandelion-like flowers, but this species is much simpler to identify.  The Latin name for this plant is Picris echioides.

This species is easily recognized by the white pimples on the leaves each one with a hooked bristle in the centre. This rough plant is covered by bristly hairs. 

This is a bristly species.

Image courtesy of Thomas Meyer CC BY-SA 3.0 license.Bitterkraut Natter2.JPG


It attains the height of between 40 and 90 cm {8 inches to three feet } tall. The stem is thick and furrowed with spreading branches. The foliage is between 10 and 20 cm { 4-8 inches} in length the lower ones with short stalks the upper ones clasp the stem. They are narrow with wavy edges.

The flower-heads  occur in stalked clusters. Each head is between 2 and 2.5 cm { up to an inch }wide. The yellow florets often tinged red on the under surface. Beneath these are green bracts which are curved at the base . They flower from June until October.

This plant may be encountered in rough grassy places ,abandoned fields, on roadsides and on wasteland.  In the UK it is more common in the south and east and becomes rarer in the north and west 


The branching flowerheads

 Courtesy of Stephan lefnaer CC BY-SA 4.0 license.


The wide green bracts beneath the florets

Courtesy of Stephan lefnaer   CC BY-SA 4.0 license.

Plumes carry the seeds away in a  parachute-like manner.

Image courtesy of Stephan lefnaer CC BY-SA 4.0 license.

The basal rosette of leaves

Image courtesy of Kekkofan SALENTO  CC BY_SA 3.0 license.Picris eichioides.jpg

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