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WILDLIFE OF NORTHERN ENGLAND

WILDLIFE LAW -2  BIRDS SCHEDULE 1

THE PROTECTION OF BIRDS IN THE UK

History of bird protection in the UK.

Regarding the protection of birds in the UK-the Protection Of Birds Act 1954,1964,and 1967 were repealed by the passing of the Wildlife and Countryside Act 1981.

The legislation for the Wildlife and Countryside Act began its existence in the House of Lords on the 25th of November 1980 and after passing through both Houses of Parliament it finally became law on the 30th October 1981.

Other legislation that concerns the protection of birds is still in force  - The Ground Game Act 1880.

The Wildlife and Countryside Act 1981 has had amendments to the text of the Act through periodic reviews and through other legislation such as the Local Government Act 1985, Water Act 1989 and the Environmental Protection Act 1990. There are also changes to the lists of protected species through variations to the Schedule Orders.

Thus the Wildlife and Countryside Act 1981  is now tiled the Wildlife and Countryside Act 1981 {amended}.

 A general summary regarding birds the Act are as follows--The basic principle is that all wild birds are protected throughout the year, unless it is other wise stated. This means that {with certain exceptions} you may not kill, injure or take any wild bird. this protection also extends to the nests {while being built or in use} and the eggs.

It prohibits possession of wild birds {dead or alive}  or the eggs.

SCHEDULE 1 SPECIES

The birds that appear on Schedule 1 are fully protected which includes special additional penalties at all times. As well as the provisions mentioned above it is an offence to disturb intentionally any bird listed on Schedule 1 while it is building a nest, on or near a nest containing eggs or young or to disturb the young of these birds.  It is also an offence to take pictures of these birds while at the nest or of their dependent young without a special licence obtained for the relevant authorities.

SCHEDULE 1 BIRDS THAT ARE PROTECTED BY SPECIAL PENALTIES---PART 1---AT ALL TIMES.

                                                 THE LIST

COMMON NAME                                             SCIENTIFIC NAME

Avocet                                                        Recurvirostra avosetta

Bee-eater                                                    Merops apiaster

Bittern                                                        Botaurus stellaris

Bittern, Little                                               Ixobrychus minutus

Blue throat                                                  Luscinia svecica

Brambling                                                   Fringilla montifringilla

Bunting ,Cirl                                                Emberiza cirius

Bunting ,Lapland                                         Calcarius lapponicus

Bunting,Snow                                             Piectrophenax nivalis

Buzzard, Honey                                          Pernis apivorus

Chough                                                      Pyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax

Corncrake                                                  Crex crex

Crake,Spotted                                            Porzana porzana 

Crossbills { all species}                               Loxia

Curlew, Stone                                            Burhinus oedicnemus

Divers {all species}                                     Gavia

Dotteral                                                     Charadrius morinellus

Duck, Long tailed                                       Clangula hyemalis

Eagle, Golden                                            Aquila chrysaetos

Eagle, White Tailed                                    Haliaetus albicilla 

Falcon,Gyr                                                Falco rusticolus

Fieldfare                                                    Turdus pilaris

Firecrest                                                   Regulus ignicapillus    

Garganey                                                 Anas querquedula

Godwit-black tailed                                   Limosa limosa

Goshawk                                                 Accipiter gentilis

Grebe-black necked                                 Podiceps nigricollis

Grebe,Slavonian                                      Podiceps auritus

Greenshank                                            Tringa nebularia

Gull,Little                                               Larus minutus

Gull, Mediterranean                                Larus melanocephalus    

Harriers {all species}                              Circus

Heron , Purple                                       Ardea purperea

Hobby                                                  Falco subbuteo

Hoopoe                                                Upupa epopos

Kingfisher                                            Alcedo atthis

Kite,Red                                              Milvus milvus

Merlin                                                  Falco columbarius

Oriole, Golden                                      Oriolus oriolus

Osprey                                               Pandon haliaetus

Owl, Barn                                           Tyto alab

Owl, Snowy                                        Nyctea scandiaca

Peregrine                                            Falco peregrinus

Petrel, Leach's                                  Oceanodroma leucorhoa

Phalarope, red-necked                       Phalaropus lobatus

Plover , Kentish                                 Charadrius alexandrius

Plover, Little ringed                            Charadrius  dubius

Quail, common                                  Cortunix cortunix

Redstart, black                                  Phoenicurus   ochrurus

Redwing                                           Turdus iliacus

Rosefinch, Scarlet                             Carpodacus erythrinus 

Ruff                                                  Philomachus pugnax

Sandpiper, green                               Tringa ochropus 

Sandpiper, purple                              Calidris maritima

Sandpiper, Wood                              Tringa glareola

Scaup                                              Athya marila

Scoter, common                               Melanitta nigra

Scoter velvet                                    Melanitta fusca

Serin                                               Serinus serinus

Shore lark                                       Eremophila alpestris

Shrike, red backed                           Lanius collurio

 Spoonbill                                       Platalea leucorodia

Stilt-black winged                           Himantopus himantopus

Stint, Temminck's                           Calidris temminckii  

Swan , Bewick's                             Cygnus bewickii

Swan , whooper                              Cygnus cygnus

Tern, black                                    Chlidonias  niger

Tern, little                                      Sterna albifrons

Tern, Roseate                                Sterna dougallii

 Tit , bearded                                 Panurus biamicus

Tit, crested                                    Parus cristaus

Tree creeper, short toed                 Certhia brachydactyla

Warbler, Cetti's                             Cettia cetti

Warbler, Dartford                          Sylvia undata

Warbler, march                             Acrocephalus palustris

Warber, Savi's                              Locustella luscinioides

Whimbrel                                     Munenius phaeopus

Woodlark                                     Lullula arborea

Wryneck                                      Jynx torquilla    

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                                                  SCHEDULE1 A

Capercaillie   was added to the list by Nature Conservation {Scotland} Act 2004. 29.11.2004

                         BIRDS THAT ARE PROTECTED FROM HARASSMENT  

                                                            F1--

White tailed eagle                       Haliaetus albicilla

 

                                                  SCHEDULE ZA1 

Amendments {textual} inserted 31.5.2006 by Natural Environment and rural Communities Act 2006-----BIRDS THAT REUSE THEIR NESTS.

Eagle, golden  Eagle white tailed,  Osprey. 

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                                            SCHEDULE 1 PART 2 

                                      DURING THE CLOSE SEASON

This section alludes to Quarry species  which are protected by special penalties during the close season. This is February 1 until 31 August { 21 February  to 31 August below high water mark} but may be killed or taken outside this period.

Goldeneye                                Bucephala clangula

Goose grey lag { in Outer Hebrides, Caithness, Sutherland and Wester Ross only}

Anser anser.

Pintail                                     Anas acuta

Duck, Gadwall                         Anas strepera 

Goose Canada                        Branta canadensis

Goose white fronted                Anser albifrons {in England and Wales only }

Mallard                                   Anas platyrhynchos 

Moorhen                                 Gallinula chloropus

Plover Golden                         Pluvialis apricaria

Pochard                                 Aythya ferina

Shoveler                               Anas clypeata

Snipe, common                     Gallingo gallingo

Teal                                      Anas crecca

Wigeon                                Anas penelope

Woodcock                            Scolopax rusticola 

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Moorhens are protected during the close season only

SCHEDULE 2----PART TWO----PEST SPECIES

                   BIRDS THAT MAY BE TAKEN OR KILLED AT ALL TIMES

                                                      PEST SPECIES

So called pest species are now subject to an annual reviewed general license which allows all the species formerly listed on Schedule 2 part two, to be killed or taken using approved methods at all times, with the land owners permission. {Authorised persons only} The species covered by the license therefore include the following species.

CROW, COLLARED DOVE,GREAT BLACK BACKED GULL, HERRING GULL, JACKDAW, FERAL PIGEON, WOOD PIGEON , ROOK, HOUSE SPARROW AND STARLING.

Wood pigeons may be taken at all times under license and by authorised persons.

SCHEDULE 3 PART 1

BIRDS THAT MAY BE SOLD ALIVE AT ALL TIMES, IF RINGED AND BRED IN CAPTIVITY

Blackbird, Bullfinch, Brambling, Bunting,reed, Chaffinch, Dunnock, Goldfinch, Greenfinch, Jackdaw, Jay,  Linnet, Magpie, Owl,barn, Redpoll, Siskin, Starling, Song thrush, Twite, Yellowhammer.

                                            SCHEDULE 3 PART 2

               THE FOLLOWING BIRDS MAY BE SOLD DEAD AT ALL TIMES 

                                        Feral pigeon, Wood pigeon 

                                           SCHEDULE 3 -PART3 

The following birds may be sold dead from the 1st of September until the 28th of February.

Coot,   Duck tufted, Duck mallard, Duck pintail, Duck pochard, Duck shoveller, Duck teal, Duck, wigeon, Snipe, common, Woodcock, Plover golden, 

                                        

Top the blackbird can be sold at all times alive if it has been bred in captivity and ringed. Below the coot may be sold dead from  1st September until the 28th of February.

                             SCHEDULE 4

 BIRDS WHICH MUST BE REGISTERED AND RINGED IF KEPT IN CAPTIVITY

  This section is still under review and changes are expected in the near future . When these changes occur  they will be inserted on this page under this section.

Falcons   all species. Falconidae

Hawks, true { except old world vultures} that is to say , Buzzards, Eagles, Harriers.

Hawks and Kites { all species in each case]   Acciptridae { except the genera Aegypius, Gypaetus, Gypohierax, Gyps, Neophron, Sarcogyps and Trigonoceps}

Short summary

                                          SALE OF BIRDS AND THEIR EGGS

It is an offence to sell any live bird except where it is provided for in Schedule 3 part one. it is an offence to sell the egg of any wild bird { whether or not it has been taken in contravention of the Act}

                                         SALE OF DEAD WILD BIRDS

It is an offence to sell any dead bird { including its skin or any other part} unless it is listed in Schedule3 parts two and three. Game birds may be sold dead only during the open season and for 10 days immediately after the end of the season.

                                          EXHIBITION OF WILD BIRDS

It is an offence to exhibit any wild bird at a competion except where provided for in Schedule 3 part one.

                              METHODS OF KILLING AND TAKING BIRDS.

Certain methods of killing, injuring or taking birds are forbidden, these include--Gins, spring traps {eg, Pole traps}, snares, nets, birdlime, electrical scaring devises, poisonous or stupefying substances, bows, automatic oe semi-automatic weapons and night-and shooting devises.

The use of live birds as decoys, whether tethered, blinded or maimed is also illegal.

                                                PHOTOGRAPHY

Birds listed on Schedule 1 may not be photographed at the nest without a special license, obtained from the relevant authority. { in England this is Natural England}

                                                GAME BIRDS

Game birds are not included in the Wildlife and Countryside Act 1981 {as amended} but they are fully protected during the close season under the Ground Game Act.

 The text of the Act may be changed after periodical reviews. Species may be moved from one Schedule to another after consultation and with the permission of the Secretary of State.

At the time of writing  {October 2011} the the above information is correct and up to date. Any changes made hereafter will be inserted into the text on this page.

Source Government Information Publications.

                                   

ASSOCIATED PAGES

WILDLIFE LAW 1--looking at the protection of animals  Schedule 5 species.

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