DALS WILDLIFE SITE { WILDLIFE OF NORTHERN ENGLAND}

WILDLIFE OF NORTHERN ENGLAND

WILDLIFE LAW -U.K.1

WILDLIFE AND THE LAW  SCHEDULE 5 SPECIES.

The backbone of wildlife protection in the U.K. is the Wildlife and Countryside Act 1981 {as amended}. Two major pieces of legislation were repealed by the passing of the Act. These were the Protection of Birds Act 1954,1964 and 1967, and the Conservation of Wild Creatures and Plants Act 1975. There is still legislation in force that protects wild life such as the Ground Game Act 1880 { Yes it is still law}. The Protection of Animals Act 1934. The Conservation of Seals Act 1970. The Salmon and Freshwater Fisheries Act1975. The Dangerous Wild Animals Act 1976; The Animals {Scientific Procedures Act 1986; The Deer Act 1991 and the Protection of Badgers Act 1992.

Schedule 5 species alludes to animals and their protection.

A Summary----Schedule 5 is the relevant part of the Act as far as animals are concerned. A total of 52 animals receive protection under this Schedule of the Act. Forty four species are protected at all times, but eight are protected in respect of trade only. The following animals are specially protected under Schedule 5 of the Act. It is an offense to kill,injure,take,possess or sell any of them, or to destroy, damage, or obstruct access to any place which they may use for shelter, protection or breeding or to destroy or disturb them while they are there.

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION

1-Additional information -{s.9-1} means intentional killing, injuring or taking is prohibited.

--{s.9-5} means selling,offering for sale, possession or transport for the purposes of sale {dead or alive}, animal,part or derivative prohibited.

WILD CAT, Felis sylvestris Scheduled in 1988.

OTTER, Lutra lutra Scheduled in 1981 

PINE MARTIN, Martes martes Scheduled in 1988.

DORMOUSE, Muscardinus avellanarius, Scheduled in 1988

WALRUS, Odobenus rosmarus, Scheduled 1988

RED SQUIRREL, Sciurus vulgaris, Scheduled 1981

ALL BATS, Vespertiliondae and Rhinolophidae, Scheduled 1981

WATER VOLE---Arvicola terrestris {s.9-5}. In 2008 the Water vole was given full protection under Schedule 5

Other mammals are protected by individual Acts such as those mentioned above

 

SCHEDULE 5 CONTINUED

                                                          REPTILES

SLOW WORM----Anguis fragilis, Scheduled 1981

ALL TURTLES, Schedule 1988.

SMOOTH SNAKE, Coronella austriaca, Scheduled 1981.

SAND LIZARD--Lacerta agillis, Scheduled 1981

VIPIPAROUS LIZARD---{S.9-5}, Scheduled 1981 and {s.9-1} Scheduled in 1988

GRASS SNAKE --Natrix natrix {s.9-5 } Scheduled in 1981 and {9-1} Scheduled in 1988.

ADDER--Vipera berus {s.9-5} Scheduled in 1981 and {s.9-1} Scheduled in 1988.

 

                                                    AMPHIBIANS

COMMON TOAD, Bufo bufo {s.9-5} , Scheduled in 1981

NATTERJACK TOAD, Bufo calamita Scheduled in 1981

COMMON FROG,  Rana temporatia {s.9-5} Scheduled in 1981.

GREAT CRESTED NEWT, Triturus cristatus. Scheduled in 1881.

PALMATE NEWT, Triturus helveticus {s.9-5} Scheduled in 1981

SMOOTH NEWT---Triturus vulgaris {s.9-5} , Scheduled  in 1981

 

 

BELOW---The water vole is now a Schedule 5 species.

OTHER ANIMALS INCLUDE-----

Other groups of animals that appear on Schedule 5 are---

FISH,

BUTTERFLIES,

MOTHS

BEETLES

BUGS

GRASSHOPPERS

CRICKETS

DRAGONFLIES

SPIDERS

CRUSTACEANS

MOLLUSCS

WORMS

SEA ANEMONES.

SCHEDULE 6  DEALS WITH THE METHODS OF KILLING AND TAKING ANIMALS.

                                                 SUMMARY

The Act prohibits the use of self-locking snares, bows, crossbows and explosives. {other than fire arm  ammunition } for the purpose of killing or taking any wild animals. In addition the use of live mammals or birds for decoys for the purpose of killing or taking wild animals is prohibited.

The following animals listed on Schedule 6 may not {in addition to the methods of killing listed above} be killed or taken by any kind of trap or snare, electrical stunning  devise, poisonous or stupifying substances, nets, automatic or semi automatic  weapon, devise or artificial light for dazzling, illuminating a target, or for height shooting; sound recording used as a decoy; or any mechanically propelled vehicle in immediate pursuit of such an animal.

The effect of these prohibitions is that listed species may only be legally killed or taken by shooting  { with a non-automatic weapon { by authorized persons under license.}

 

SCHEDULE 6 SPECIES

BADGER, Meles meles.

BATS, {Hoesr shoe all species} Typical, {all species}

WILD CAT,  Felis silvestris.

DOLPHIN,BOTTLE NOSED,---Tursicops truncatus.

COMMON DOLPHIN, Delphinius delphis

DORMICE , {All species}.

HEDGEHOG, Erinaceus europeaeus.

PINE MARTIN, Martess martess

OTTER, Lutra lutra

POLECAT, Mustella putorius

PORPOISE,HARBOUR, Phocaena phocaena

SHREW { All species}

SQUIRREL, RED,  Sciurus vulgaris.

SCHEDULES 7,8 AND 9

Schedule 7 relates to amendments.

Schedule 8 Relates to the protection of plants {{{there will be a link to Schedule 8 species coming in the near future}}}

SCHEDULE 9 RELATES TO ALIEN SPECIES AND INTRODUCTIONS.

SUMMARY OF SCHEDULE 9 SPECIES.--------It is illegal to introduce by releasing or allowing to escape  into the wild any animal " which is not a regular visitor to Britain in a wild state" , or any species listed  on Schedule 9 which are already established in the wild. It is an offense for example to nurse a grey squirrel to health with the intentions of releasing it back into the wild. This does not cover certain animals which, though originally introduced from elsewhere, are now considered as excepted British Fauna for example  rabbit or pheasant.

PART TWO OF SCHEDULE 9 DEALS WITH ALIEN PLANTS.

SCHEDULE 9 SPECIES ON THIS PAGE I DEAL WITH MAMMALS, REPTILES AND AMPHIBIANS.

                                                  AMPHIBIANS.

FROG, EDIBLE, Rana esculents

FROG EUROPEAN TREE FROG, Hyla arborea.

FROG, MARSH, Rana ridbunda

NEWT ALPINE, Triturus alpestris.

NEWT, ITALIAN CRESTED, Triturus carnifex.

TOAD,AFRICAN, Xenopus leavis.

TOAD,MIDWIFE, Alytes obstetricians.

TOAD,YELLOW-BELLIED, Bambina variegata 

 

                                                   REPTILES

LIZZARD, COMMON WALL,Podaries muralis.

TERRAPIN, EUROPEAN POND, Emys orbicularis.

SNAKE,AESCULAPIAN,Elaphe longissima.

 

                                               MAMMALS

COPU COYPU, Myocaster coypus.

DEER,SIKA, Cervus nippon.

DORMOUSE,FAT ,Glis glis

GERBIL MONGOLIAN, Meriones unguiculatus

MARMOT,PRAIRIE,Cyonmys sp.

MINK,AMERICAN, Mustella vison

PORCUPINE,HIMALAYAN,Hystrix hodgsonii.

PORCUPINE CRESTED, Hystrix cristata

RAT,BLACK, Rattus rattus .

SQUIRREL GREY, Sciurus carolinensis

WALLABY,RED-NECKED, Macropus rufogriseus.

 

SOURCE GOVERNMENT INFORMATION PUBLICATIONS.

ASSOCIATED PAGES

WILDLIFE LAW 2---A look at the protection of birds in the UK. Schedules 1-4

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