DALS WILDLIFE SITE { WILDLIFE OF NORTHERN ENGLAND}

WILDLIFE OF NORTHERN ENGLAND

Corn salad.

Image taken in early spring courtesy of Tarquin    CC BY-SA 3.0 license.File:Corn salad, spring, close up.JPG

Introduction

This little plant has been popular as a salad plant as its common name suggests. it has been given the genus name of Valerianella, meaning little Valerian and the specific name of locusta formerly olitoria. It is placed in the family Valerianaceae. It is also referred to by the common name of Lambs lettuce, and we are informed by past herbalists, that this is because they appear about the time of lambing or that it is a favoured food of lambs.

The tiny flowers from a distance look like a blue mist

Courtesy of Kristian peters  CC BY-SA 3.0 license.Valerianella locusta.jpeg

Description

Corn salad produces a low rosette of spatulate leaves. It is a small annual, bright green, with succulent stems six to twelve inches [ 15-30 cm } high. They often fork from the base or at least from the lower part of its height. The first leaves springing from the root are one to three inches long.2.5 to 7.5 cm }. They have little or no stalks and these leaves generally decay quite quickly. The stem leaves  are stalkless and some clasp the stem.

The tiny flowers are greenish white in appearance, arranged in close, rounded, terminal heads surrounded by narrow bracts, the tiny corolla is pale lilac, however, the flowers are so minute they often can appear colourless. Where they occur in any numbers the flowers may give the impression of a blue 'mist' from a distance.

In the UK, these plants occur in colonies on rocky outcrops, old walls, waste ground, shingle and sandy places often near the sea. They are in flower from April until June.

Basic components of lamb's lettuce

For the forager.

Lamb's lettuce has long been used in salads, and was once commonly cultivated in gardens for that purpose. Once a favourite plant in England , but was until relatively recently, still eaten in France, where it was generally eaten during Lent. The leaves are nutritious containing three times more vitamin C than lettuce leaves.

Lamb's lettuce collected as a salad ingredient.

Courtesy of Schwabin    CC BY-SA 3.0 de license.Ackersalat02.jpg

Medicinal uses.

In former times this herb was in demand by country folk as a spring medicine and a homoeopathic tincture was made from the fresh root. In more modern times the leaves of this plant is said to be nutritional   and a good source of iron. It is also recommended to boost vitality and to keep diseases at bay.

The abundant pyridoxine in corn salad is thought to improve brain function and it is claimed to help combat the development of dementia and other brain malfunctions. The high amount of vitamin C  is reputed to lower high blood pressure.

Corn salad is beneficial in supporting the body's overall immune system and circulation. 

Corn salad leaves are often used to decorate dishes

Image courtesy of Gerard cohen    CC BY-SA 3.0 license.

Reuse of images.

The images on this page may be reused, however, the name of the relevant author must be attributed along with any accompanying license.

Thank you for visiting.