DALS WILDLIFE SITE { WILDLIFE OF NORTHERN ENGLAND}

WILDLIFE OF NORTHERN ENGLAND

Birdsof the world-19 Erpornis.

The White-bellied Erpornis formerly Yuhina, Courtesy of Francesco Veronesi {Italy}. CC BY-SA 2.0 License.

The White-bellied erpornis, Erpornis zantholeuca.

The White bellied erpornis, Erpornis zantholeuca, is often referred to simply as the Erpornis. It was formerly placed in the genus Yuhina,however, it is not closely related to the Tamallidae {old world babblers},where most of the former members of the genus Yuhina are placed and is in fact more closely related to the Vireos. It,and its sub-species are the only members of this genus.

The bird is found in Bangladesh, Bhutan, Brunei, Cambodia, China, India, Indonesia,Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, Singapore, Taiwan, Thailand and Vietnam. 

It is a  bird that inhabits sub-tropical or tropical moist mountainous forests,generally around the foothills in broad-leaved evergreen trees. In their plumage and colour and their acrobatic habits they closely resemble the Vireos,however, this species has a head crest like many of the Yuhina species which led to its true relationship being obscure for a long period of time. Currently most world  check lists place both Erpornis and the Shrike Babblers among the Vireonidae,however, some authorities place them in separate families.

Image taken in Taiwan.

Image courtesy of Alnus  CC BY-SA 3.0 License.

Description and diet

The white-bellied erpornis is a bird of between four and a quarter and five and a quarter inches {11-13 cm } long, a small passerine bird with a yellowish green plumage above and greyish white below with a yellow vent. They have a slender bill with the tip slightly bent over. The crown has elongated feathers that form a crest.

They feed on small insects and their larvae,particularly small caterpillars. This supplemented by berries,figs,flower nectar and occasional seeds.

They occur singly or in pairs or sometimes small flocks.They may also be encountered in small mixed flocks with other species such as warblers or small babblers and they often hang upside down in the manner of the tit. 

Taken in Taiwan

Courtesy of Alnus.   CC BY-SA 3.0 License

Breeding and sub-species.

The breeding season for this species varies throughout their range from February until July depending on location.

The nest is a small cradle composed of grass stems,moss and dry leaves.   It is usually located near to the ground  or up to six feet or so above it. It is generally located in a tree,in bamboo or a shrub.The female will deposit two eggs,of a creamy white colour with a few pale blotches on the shell of a reddish colour.

Sub-species--There are five sub-species recognized'-

Erporniis, zantholeuca zantholeauca,which occurs in Nepal, Bhutan, and all northeast India states, east Bangladesh, southern China and parts of southeast Asia.

Erpornis zantholeuca tyrannuius, occurs in southeast China, Taiwan, northern Thailand and northern Indonesia.

Erpornis zantholueca canescen,s occurs in southeast Thailand, and southwest Cambodia. 

Erpornis zantholeuca saani occurs in northwest Sumatra, and

Erpornis zantholueca brunnescens, occurs in Borneo,including Palau Laut off the southeast coast. 

 

Please note.

If any images on this page which are reused the relevant authors name must be attributed along with the appropriate license.

White-bellied Erpornis. Cpourtesy of Vijay Cavale  Standard YouTube License.

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